The effect of implant size difference on patient outcomes and failure after bilateral simultaneous total knee arthroplasty - drmeftah
The effect of implant size difference on patient outcomes and failure after bilateral simultaneous total knee arthroplasty

Abstract


Background


Proper sizing of femoral and tibial components has been associated with long-term outcomes and survivorship in simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (SBTKA) and may be a reason for differences in outcomes between knees. The aim of this study compares post-operative outcomes and revision rates in patients undergoing SBTKA with different component sizes.

Methods


A retrospective review was conducted at a single academic institution identifying patients who underwent SBTKA from 2011 to 2019. Inclusion criteria included: primary osteoarthritis, similar pre-operative deformity, and same implant manufacturer. The primary outcome compares pre- and post-op (delta, Δ) Knee Society Score-Knee Score (KSS-KS) and range of motion (ROM) between knees. Secondary outcome measures were all-cause revisions rates, including manipulations under anesthesia and arthroscopy with or without lysis of adhesions.

Results


149 patients were identified who met the inclusion criteria: 128 patients had femoral size difference (FSD) of 0, 138 patients had tibial size difference (TSD) of 0, 21 patients with FSD of 1, and 11 patients with TSD of 1. There was no difference in ΔKSS-KS or ΔROM in patients for any FSD or TSD. Revisions for aseptic loosening were greater for TSD 1 compared to TSD 0 (p < 0.001). No other differences in cause of revision were identified.

Conclusion


A TSD of 1 may be associated with increased revision rates for aseptic loosening in both smaller and larger sized implants. Surgeons may achieve optimal patient outcomes in SBTKA with proper sized implants through increased awareness of component asymmetry and repeat intraoperative evaluation when asymmetrical measurements occur.

Journal of Orthopaedics

Volume 22, November–December 2020, Pages 282-287

Alex Tang, David Yeroushalmi, Stephen Zak, Katherine Lygrisse, Ran Schwarzkopf, Morteza Meftah NYU Langone Health, Department of Orthopedic Surgery – Adult Joint Reconstruction, New York, NY, USA

Received 8 May 2020, Revised 2 June 2020, Accepted 5 June 2020, Available online 13 June 2020.